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Energy Policy (SOE March 1)

Energy Policy (SOE March 1) - Energy Policy Energy Policy...

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Energy Policy Energy Policy in the USA Sources of Energy The Future of Energy Use & Policy
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Energy: Why do we care? Energy & the Environment: exploration, extraction, transportation, refinement & use of energy sources impact health of natural & human environments
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Michael Dworkin, VLS "If you care about the environment, energy use is the most important issue; and if you care about energy, environmental realities are the most important constraints."
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Energy Security Means Different Things To Different People (Erik Kriel, US EIA) In Iraq, energy security could mean having enough hours of electricity during rolling blackouts to avoid social unrest. To Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Ukraine, it means not having their oil or gas supplies cut off by Russia. To environmentalists, it could mean reducing greenhouse gas emissions and staving off global warming. To many politicians, energy security = energy independence. In DOE, it has also meant having a number of reliable, short-haul suppliers. This is one reason Venezuela/Chavez are a concern. To others, energy security means affordable gasoline or diesel.
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US Energy Policy No Comprehensive Federal Policy Lots of Indirect Policies E.g., subsidies, regulations, & reliance on the market Classic Conflict Private Industry Interests v. Public Interest in Secure Energy Supply & Healthy Environment Current Policies: Subsidize Use of Environmentally Risky Energy Sources Slow Progress Towards Incentivizing Use of Sustainable Sources of Energy General Goals of National Energy Policies: National Security Reliable Energy Supplies Minimization of Environmental Damage??? Minimization of Climate Change???
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Evolution of Energy Policy in the USA Underlying Issue: What energy strategy encourages a conversion to sustainable energy sources while also serving short-term energy & economic needs? Energy Policy in the 1970s & 1980s: Carter: OPEC embargo; new focus on conservation & efficiency; 1975 Energy Policy & Conservation Act, CAFE Reagan: “ nonpolicy ”; cut Carter’s innovative policies Energy Policy in the 1990s & New Millenium: Bush: political gridlock; 1992 Energy Policy Act Clinton: renewed focus on conservation & renewables; failed attempts to implement an energy tax; “PNGV” Bush: National Energy Plan emphasis on security, fossil fuels, & nuclear & easing environmental regs ; “ FreedomCar
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Obama Era Strategy Official Position of the Administration: The energy challenges our country faces are severe and have gone unaddressed for far too long. Our addiction to foreign oil doesn't just undermine our national security and wreak havoc on our environment -- it cripples our economy and strains the budgets of working families all across America.
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