History of CC Negotiations & Present Framework

History of CC Negotiations & Present Framework -...

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THE UNFCCC & THE KYOTO PROTOCOL History of CC Negotiations & Present Framework
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A Brief History of the Climate Change Process: In 1979 the first World Climate Change Conference recognized climate change as a serious problem & called on all governments to address it. Between 1980-1990 a number of intergovernmental conferences focusing on climate change were held. In 1990 the IPCC issued its First Assessment Report in which it confirmed the existing scientific evidence for global climate change. In Dec. 1990, the UN General Assembly approved the start of treaty negotiations on the UNFCCC, with a deadline of June 1992 why then? Rio “Earth Summit”. Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) was convened to conduct these negotiations Length of Negotiations?
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Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Governments require information on climate change for negotiations need for epistemic communities The IPCC formed in 1988 under auspices of the United Nations: established jointly by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Function is to provide assessments of the science of climate change Scientific community contributes widely and on a voluntary basis
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IPCC Mandate The IPCC was established to provide the decision-makers and others interested in climate change with an objective source of information about climate change. The IPCC does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate related data or parameters. Its role is to assess on a comprehensive, objective, open and transparent basis the latest scientific, technical and socio-economic literature produced worldwide relevant to the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change, its observed and projected impacts and options for adaptation and mitigation. IPCC reports should be neutral with respect to policy, although they need to deal objectively with policy relevant scientific, technical and socio economic factors. They should be of high scientific and technical standards, and aim to reflect a range of views, expertise and wide geographical coverage. IPCC is to be policy relevant but not policy prescriptive
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IPCC Continued… Assessment reports 1990, 1995, 2001, 2007 Arguably largest scientific undertaking on Earth Three working groups WGI—Assesses the physical scientific aspects of the climate system and climate change, i.e., What will happen to climate; WGII-- Assesses the vulnerability of socio-economic and natural systems to climate change, negative and positive consequences of climate change, and options for adapting to it. , i.e., What that means to humans and other living things, and how we might adapt WGIII-- Assesses options for mitigating climate change through limiting or preventing greenhouse gas emissions and enhancing activities that remove them from the atmosphere i.e., What can we do to reduce or eliminate climate change
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History of CC Negotiations & Present Framework -...

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