correlational design and descriptive research 3.24

correlational design and descriptive research 3.24 -...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 6/3/11 Correlational design and Descriptive Research PSYC E226 Research Methods 3/24/2010
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6/3/11 Learning Objectives l Understand how behavioral observation is conducted l Learn three types of survey questions l Learn how surveys are administered l Be able to describe two ways of representing results of a correlational study l Know two reasons to use correlational
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6/3/11 Getting data for Descriptive and l For descriptive and correlational design, research is generally observational l Researcher observes and systematically records behavior in order to describe it l Types of Observation: Behavioral observation
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6/3/11 Behavioral Observation l Directly watching the person complete the behavior and systematically tracking its occurrence Researcher is in the setting, so this could lead to the participant acting differently l Habituation is when the participant gets used to the researcher’s presence and stops reacting to it
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6/3/11 Behavioral Observation: Subjectivity l More subjective: observer decides whether to count ambiguous behavior Creating a set of behavior categories where the behaviors are very clearly indicated can avoid some subjectivity Having multiple observers can help because they will see things differently l Inter-rater reliability is a check to make sure that
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6/3/11 Survey Research Design l Instead of watching a behavior occur, surveys ask people what they do l Can get a rich picture of people’s actions and attitudes for that period of time Questions about depression Questions about a child’s behavior in class
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Survey Research: Types of Questions l Open-ended questions Does not restrict peoples’ answers More difficult to analyze l Can categorize answers and assign numbers l Can use qualitative methods (another lecture) Examples: l What are three reasons you like your house? l
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This note was uploaded on 06/03/2011 for the course PSYC E226 taught by Professor Smolowitz during the Spring '10 term at South Carolina.

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correlational design and descriptive research 3.24 -...

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