Unformatted text preview: The Civil War and the American Nation A Note on Powerpoints Powerpoints that accompany lectures are not allinclusive – You still need to take notes
– They serve as outlines, to help organize your notes They will be posted on Blackboard after each class session Central Concept What kind of nation is America, and will America become? This is the central question of this course. Outline How did differing interpretations of the American nation lead to the Civil War?
– What is a Nation? Enlightenment philosophy – The American Nation Republicanism – Nationalism and the Civil War Sectional Definitions of Republicanism Increasing Tension Development of Sectional Nationalisms Discussion – Why Fight in the Civil War? Goals for this Lecture What is a nation? What kind of nation was America at its founding? How did different regions define the American nation differently? How did these differing definitions lead to conflict? What was the Civil War About? Harper’s Weekly, Jan 26, 1861 – First Shot of the Civil War What is a Nation? Definition
History of “nation” – Original meanings
– Enlightenment Modern nations – Enlightenment Republicanism Justification for revolution The American Nation
– Founding ideals Early conflict Sectional Definitions of the Nation Economics – Labor
– Economic independence – Property rights Power of the individual states Increasing Tension States rights – Nullification crisis Westward Expansion – Missouri Compromise
– MexicanAmerican War
– KansasNebraska Crisis Development of Sectional Nationalisms Northern nationalism Southern nationalism Claims to the most legitimate nationalism – Ideals of the American Revolution
– Ideals of international revolutions and nationalist movements Nationalisms in conflict – Election of 1860 – New and separate nation Discussion How do these letters fit with the beliefs I discussed earlier?
What kind of nation were these men fighting for? Next Week Monday – no class (MLK Jr Day of Service) Wednesday – Reconstruction and the Lost Cause Readings
– Q&A: The Myths of Reconstruction. From “Plantations in Ruins,” Reconstruction: The Second Civil War, The American Experience, PBS http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/plan
tation/sf_myths.html – Textbook ch. 15 ...
View Full Document