ch07 - Chapter 7 THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE AXIAL SKELETON...

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THE SKELETAL SYSTEM: THE AXIAL SKELETON Chapter Synopsis In this chapter, students are introduced to the divisions of the skeletal system, the types of bones based on shape and location and important bone surface markings. The bones of the skull, vertebral column, and thorax (axial skeleton) and their functional features are examined in detail. Clinical applications discussed include black eyes, cleft palate and cleft lip, temporomandibular joint syndrome, sinusitis, deviated septum, caudal anesthesia, and rib fractures. Disorders that are covered are herniated disc, abnormal curves of the vertebral column, and spina bifida. Chapter Outline and Objectives INTRODUCTION 1. Note that becoming familiar with the names, shapes, and positions of individual bones helps in the location of other organs and in muscle interaction with bones to produce movement. DIVISIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM 2. List the various bone groups and the number that are assigned to the axial and appendicular divisions of the skeleton, as well as their fundamental purpose. TYPES OF BONES
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2011 for the course BIO 115 taught by Professor Chen during the Fall '09 term at Moraine Valley Community College.

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ch07 - Chapter 7 THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE AXIAL SKELETON...

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