ch13 - Chapter 13 THE SPINAL CORD AND SPINAL NERVES Chapter...

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THE SPINAL CORD AND SPINAL NERVES Chapter Synopsis This chapter first considers the principal anatomical and functional features of the spinal cord and its coverings, the meninges, and the vertebral column. Next, the spinal cord is discussed in terms of its functions as a conduction pathway and a reflex center. Reflexes are explained, important reflexes are categorized according to type, and several clinically important reflexes are discussed. The disorders of the nervous system considered are neuritis, shingles, and poliomyelitis. Clinical applications include spinal tap (lumbar puncture), use of reflexes to assess neurological impairment, spinal cord transection and muscle function, injuries to the phrenic nerves, injuries to the nerves emerging from the brachial plexus, lumbar injuries, and sciatic nerve injury. Chapter Outline and Objectives INTRODUCTION 1. Give a general overview of the function of the spinal cord and its interactions with the brain and peripheral nerves. SPINAL CORD ANATOMY Protective Structures 2. List the protective coverings for the spinal cord. Vertebral Column
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2011 for the course BIO 115 taught by Professor Chen during the Fall '09 term at Moraine Valley Community College.

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ch13 - Chapter 13 THE SPINAL CORD AND SPINAL NERVES Chapter...

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