THE LYMPHATIC and IMMUNE SYSTEM and RESISTANCE to
The lymphatic system is composed of lymph, lymphatic vessels, a series of small
masses of lymphoid tissue called lymph nodes, and three organs: the tonsils,
spleen, and thymus gland.
Attention is given to the histology of lymph vessels,
lymph nodes, the plan of lymph circulation, and the structure and physiology of
Other principal areas of study include the developmental
anatomy of the lymphatic system, various strategies of nonspecific resistance to
disease, the role of lymphatic tissue in the formation of B cells and T cells,
antigens, cytokines, antibodies, cell-mediated and antibody-mediated immunity,
self-recognition, and immunology and cancer.
Discussions of the effects of
stress and aging on the immune system are followed by Focus on Homeostasis:
The Lymphatic and Immune System.
Disorders of the immune system
covered include a section on acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS),
allergic reactions, infectious mononucleosis, autoimmune diseases, systemic
lupus erythenatisus, and lymphomas.
Clinical applications include metastasis
through the lymphatic system, abscess and ulcers, histocompatibility testing,
graft rejection, monoclonal antibodies, cancer immunotherapy, edema and lymph
flow, ruptured spleen, and microbe evasion of phagocytosis.
The chapter ends
with a glossary of medical terminology associated with the lymphatic system and