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Chapter 27 FLUID, ELECTROLYTE, AND ACID-BASE HOMOESTASIS Chapter Synopsis This chapter considers the fluid compartments of the body, routes of fluid intake and output, and the water shifts between body fluid compartments. It covers the electrolyte composition of body compartments and the functions of electrolytes. The maintenance of the pH of body fluids though the operation of buffers, respiration, and kidney exchange mechanisms are considered. Acid-base imbalances considered include respiratory and metabolic acidosis and alkalosis. The effect of aging on fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis is considered. Clinical applications include enemas and fluid balance, edema and hypovolemia indicate Na + imbalance, individuals at risk for fluid and electrolytes imbalances, and diagnosis of acid-base imbalances. Chapter Outline And Objectives INTRODUCTION 1. Define body fluid and state by its volume and solute concentrations are important to maintaining health. FLUID COMPARTMENTS AND FLUID BALANCE 2. Describe the various fluid compartments of the body with respect to fluid balance and movement. Sources of Body Water Gain and Loss 3. Discuss the sources of water and its avenues for loss.
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Regulation of Water Gain 4. Define the processes available for fluid intake and how they are regulated. Regulation of Water and Solute Loss
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2011 for the course BIO 115 taught by Professor Chen during the Fall '09 term at Moraine Valley Community College.

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