researchpaper - Walp 1 Elyse Walp December 6, 2007 Final...

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Walp 1 Elyse Walp December 6, 2007 Final Research Paper Human Trafficking The Emancipation Proclamation, declared by President Lincoln, made effective January 1, 1863, officially abolished slavery in the United States. The idea of a free people is a fundamental part of the foundation of the modern United States. This is a statement that is commonly accepted by the general population; it is a fact found in history textbooks throughout the world’s primary and secondary schools. It is taught in our nation’s schools to our children and written on our currency. It is clearly stated in the Declaration of Independence and our Constitution. “All men are created equal.” “All men have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” And if these were truthful statements, the world, and our country as we know it, would be better places. But sadly these statements are false. Human trafficking, modern day slavery, is a shocking reality that currently terrorizes hundreds of thousands of people across the globe. It knows no borders, touching all classes of the world’s economy. Trafficking is defined by the Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking (CAST) as “the recruitment and transportation of persons within or across boundaries by force, fraud, or deception for the purpose of exploiting them economically. Trafficked people most commonly work in sweatshops, restaurants, on farms, in manufacturing, prostitution and as private domestic workers.” Victims of trafficking are not found solely in a certain demographic. They are of all ages, sexes, from many different countries and span across all educational and
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Walp 2 economic backgrounds. This exploitation of people for personal or monetary gain is a contemporary method of the slave trade, living underground in our country, our state, and even our city. Although used in similar context, human trafficking and the act of smuggling are not to be confused or misunderstood with each other. They are separate processes that are influenced by separate motives. When a victim is trafficked, their captor puts them under some sort of force or control. This can be any kind of violence: verbal, or physical, but also includes threats and other forms of intimidation. The relationship a victim has with her trafficker is manipulative, exploitative and parasitic. The victim is used to generate a profit for the captor; there is no benefit for the victim. It is important for the public to understand that for someone to be considered a victim of trafficking, no physical movement in relation to borders or countries is necessary. No lines need to be crossed; no transportation of any kind needs to happen. People can be trafficked without ever leaving their own country. Smuggling always involves the crossing of borders. In the case of smuggling, the relationship between the two parties is consensual. Typically the person being smuggled is paying a fee for the service. It is understood that the relationship between the
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Cantor during the Fall '08 term at Loyola Marymount.

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researchpaper - Walp 1 Elyse Walp December 6, 2007 Final...

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