TEST_2_NAMES - People: *Pickney Henderson-secretary of...

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People: *Pickney Henderson —secretary of State of Republic in 1846 (pre-Civil War) minister to Great Britain and France, negotiator of annexation treaty First governor *Thomas J. Rusk— Signed the Declaration of Independence senator Followed southern voting line in US Senate and opposed California as a free state and was in favor of Kansas-Nebraska Act Helped frame constitution of Republic Secretary of War of Republic Commander at San Jacinto President of convention of 1845 Served 6-year term *Sam Houston— one of the first US senators in 1846 (pre-Civil War) Drew out a 2-year term Senator Refuses to take an oath of loyalty to Confederacy Made Senate of Military Affairs Committee Opposed the Wilmont Proviso View on slavery was ambiguous Argued that Congress could not legislate slavery in territories and that the matter was up to the Supreme Court Opposed Dred Scott decision Did not object to popular sovereignty yet objected strongly to the K-N Act, which made many southerners angry Accused in Texas of spending too much time giving speeches in the North to further his presidential ambitions Considered Northern abolitionists to be hypocrites since the North depended on cheap foreign labor to build railroads Argued that the south could do without slaves if they had cheap labor available in the North Democrat roots in Texas run deep (first senators were Houston and Ross) Wants Texas to admit itself as a free state Was governor when we left the Union and he opposed this Opposes Nashville Convention Elected for President in 1852 by Democratic party, but loses to Pierce Votes NO on Kansas-Nebraska Act (only southern senator to do so), which leads to the end of his senate career in 1859 Had voted for the Oregon Act in 1848, which established Oregon as a free territory and California as a free state in 1850, which had been criticized by states rights Democrats
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Speculation in Texas that his pro-Northern votes were designed to further his presidential ambitions Sympathizes for time with the Know-Nothing Party, mainly due to its pro-Union position but party’s nativist, anti-Catholic, anti-immigrant (Germans, Irish), anti- Mexican stands are repellent to many Also attracted anti-Democrats after being thrown out of the Democratic Party over his vote on KS-NE bill and Know Nothing’s endorsement of citizenship for Indians and separate Indian state in the Union Endorses the K-N in 1855, destroying his last chance for Democratic support Runs as Independent in 1857 and loses to Hardin Runnels in only political defeat of career (votes against Rusk because wants to further political career) Introduces resolution for US protectorate over Mexico and Central America (motive may have been to distract US from slavery crisis) Votes for Lecompton Constitution Defeats Runnels again due to his failure to deal with Indian raids
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course GOV 312L taught by Professor Madrid during the Summer '07 term at University of Texas.

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TEST_2_NAMES - People: *Pickney Henderson-secretary of...

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