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LectureT7 - Chapter 7 In this chapter we solve some of the...

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5/28/2004 H133 Spring 2004 1 Chapter 7 In this chapter we solve some of the interesting mysteries that have popped up along our path through thermodynamics. We will make extensive use of the Boltzmann Factor that we derived in Chapter 6. We want to study the Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution o Tells how molecular velocities are distributed in a gas with temperature T. Count Velocity States. Average Energy of a Quantum System Energy storage in a Gas molecule In our study of a small system in contact with a large reservoir we never stated that the two substances needed to be different. They don’t! In fact, we can think of a large container of gas and treat one of the molecules as the small system and the other molecules as the reservoir. We know from our study of an ideal gas that But we would like to know what the distribution of velocities looks like
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