5/28/2004H133 Spring 20041Chapter 7•In this chapter we solve some of the interesting mysteries that have popped up along our path through thermodynamics. We will make extensive use of the Boltzmann Factor that we derived in Chapter 6.We want to study the Maxwell-Boltzmann DistributionoTells how molecular velocities are distributed in a gas with temperature T.Count Velocity States.Average Energy of a Quantum SystemEnergy storage in a Gas molecule•In our study of a small system in contact with a large reservoir we never stated that the two substances needed to be different. They don’t! In fact, we can think of a large container of gas and treat oneof the molecules as the small system and the other molecules as the reservoir.We know from our study of an ideal gas thatBut we would like to know what the distributionof velocities looks like
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