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prob3 - if Q is observed further items are sampled until S...

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STA 4321 – Chapter 3 Bonus Problems A study involving rats allows them to select between 4 doors. One door is ‘correct’, and the rat is rewarded with food. The other doors are ‘incorrect’ and the rat gets an electric shock. If an incorrect choice is made, the rat is returned to the starting point and selects again. Let Y be the the number of the trial on which the correct choice is made. Find the distribution and mean of Y under the following assumptions: Each door is equally likely to be chosen, and all trials are mutually independent At each trial, the rat chooses equally likely among doors not previously tested Rat never chooses same door twice in a row, otherwise chooses equally likely among other doors. In inspecting a manufacturing process, items are taken at random periodically and classified as Satisfactory (S), questionable (Q), or unsatisfactory (U). If S observed, no other action is taken. If U is observed, corrective action to the process is made, and
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Unformatted text preview: if Q is observed, further items are sampled until S or U is observed. Let P(S)=p S , P(Q)=p q , and P(U)=p U subject to (p S +p q +p U =1). ♦ What is the probability of corrective action being given in a given test period? ♦ Give the distribution and mean of the number of times corrective action is taken in n inspection periods. • A lake contains N fish. A sample of k fish is taken and tagged and released back into lake. After a period of time for the fish to mix thoroughly with other fish in the lake, you sample n fish and observe Y , the number of tagged fish in sample. Assume no fish have died and the lake is a closed system. ♦ What is the probability that you have y tagged fish in your sample? ♦ Suppose k =100, n =500, and y =50. What value of N has the maximum probability of this occurrence the largest? You will need to use a computer for this. Can you generalize this result to generic k , n , and y ? This is referred to as capture-recapture sampling....
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