ENG 490- Garden of Adonis Final

ENG 490- Garden of Adonis Final - Lesley Smith & Ashleigh...

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Dr. Miller 18 April 2011 Garden of Adonis Commentary: III.vi.30-38 30.1- that same Gardin - the Gardin of Adonis- Spenser’s Garden of Adonis is an Eden-esque “ Paradize ” (III.vi.29.1) where the souls of decaying creatures are replanted in order to one day be reborn. According to the Spenser Encyclopedia , in the ancient cult of Adonis, the death of the young vegetation god was mourned in late summer at the Adonia. Urns of rapidly blooming and wilting flowers and herbs were placed on his shrine. These were known as Garden of Adonis and became an expression for any rapid growth and decay. 30.1 dame Nature- Mother Nature. In Ovid’s Metamorphosis, nature and God work together to create the earth from the chaotic mass it previously was. “ This strife did God and Nature breake, and set in order straight ” (Ovid, Golding 1.20) 30.4 there is the first seminary / of all things- the forms within the Garden of Adonis are born of seeds, not from a lack of first matter ( ex nihilo ). The first seminary of each species in the garden is its own kind. (see gloss for 30.6) 30.5- borne to liue and die- the forms within the garden are neither fully alive nor are they dead, but rather in a state of in-between. Souls are constantly entering the garden and exiting in a cycle of rebirth Modern scholars would look to this as a way of reincarnation, however Spenser never goes so far as to assume this. 30.6 - According to their kyndes -Everything created within the garden is created from the seeds of its own kind, like goes with like. meaning what they were before they will be again. Beast is made from beast and plant from plant, there is no cross pollination. Within the Garden creation is heterosexual and stems from the copulation of two like creatures. Spenser is quoting from Genesis 24-25 “And God said; Let the earth bring forth the living creature after its kind, cattle, creeping thing, and beast of the earth after its kind; And so it was.” 30.7 endless progenie- progeny- One born of, begotten by, or derived from another; an offspring or a descendant. The word endless before it might give meaning to the souls within the garden who are constantly reborn. (OED) 30.8 weedes- plants 31.1 fruitfull soyle- The Garden sits on soil that is rich in its ability to cultivate life. Also echoing
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God in Genesis, ‘And God blessed them, Saying ‘Be fruitful, and multiply.” (Genesis 1.22) 31.2 girt- Enclosed- with two walls on either side of the Garden or perhaps four walls in all. The Garden has what appear to be definite parameters like the Garden of Eden. 31.5-7- Describing the appearance of the two gates in the Garden. The gate which one exits from, ‘ Th’one faire an fresh ’ (III.vi.31.7) appears to lend itself to youth and rebirth where as the entrance gate, ‘the other old and dried ’(III.vi.31.7), old age and death. The descriptions are not merely of the appearance of the gate itself, but also of the bodies of the babes who pass through
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2011 for the course ENGL 490 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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ENG 490- Garden of Adonis Final - Lesley Smith & Ashleigh...

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