Noteshells05 - 1 1 Memory 2 Outline How do we acquire...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 1 Memory 2 Outline How do we acquire memories? Sensory memory, Short-term memory, Long-term memory How do we retrieve memories? Retrieval cues Match between encoding and retrieval Forgetting and misremembering 3 Basic Memory Processes Encoding Codes can be acoustic, visual, or semantic. Storage Can store episodic, procedural, or semantic memories. Retrieval Can be done via recognition or recall. 2 4 Sensory Memory Holding Cell Holds information from the sensory registers until it can be processed further. Fleeting Brings continuity to the world. Only some is passed on for further processing. 5 Short-Term (Working) Memory Holds limited amounts of information until it is: Used in response Stored more permanently Lost Information can be encoded: Acoustically (ECVTGB vs. HLEITF) Visually And other ways (e.g., kinesthetically) 6 Capacity of STM Determined with a memory span test. Magic number thought to be 7 +/- 2. Capacity can be increased by chunking. 7 meaningful units, rather than 7 letters. 3 7 STM: The importance of rehearsal (Peterson & Peterson) Given a list of nonsense syllables. Told to count backwards (to prevent rehearsal)....
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2011 for the course MAR 3503 taught by Professor Cohen during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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Noteshells05 - 1 1 Memory 2 Outline How do we acquire...

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