Air Pollution Control

Air Pollution Control - Air Pollution Control US Clean Air...

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Air Pollution Control US Clean Air Act … then and now
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Air Pollution
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What is air pollution? contamination of the air by noxious gases and minute particles of solid and liquid matter (particulates) in concentrations that endanger health
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Introduction: The Air Pollution Problem Key Pollutants : CO, SO 2 , NO, PM-10, VOC, PB Sources : industry, autos, trains, plains, boats, hazardous waste sites, landfills, dry cleaners, construction, gas stations, mowers, fires Concern : risks to human health & welfare, e.g. cancer, emphysema, tuberculosis, pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma, cold and damage to the natural environment Goal of USA Air Pollution Regime : achieve air pollution levels that will protect the public health
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Sources of Outside Air Pollution Combustion of gasoline and other hydrocarbon fuels in cars, trucks, and airplanes Burning of fossil fuels (e.g., oil Insecticides Herbicides Everyday radioactive fallouts Dust from fertilizers Mining operations Livestock feedlots
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Smog . . . What’s in it? particulates (especially lead) nitrous oxides potassium Carbon monoxide Other toxic chemicals
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Acid Rain: What is it? Why do we care? Contains high levels of sulfuric or nitric acids Contaminates drinking water and vegetation Damages aquatic life Erodes buildings Alters the chemical equilibrium of some soils
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Don’t Forget about Indoor pollution, caused by . . . Efficient insulation Bacteria Molds and mildews Viruses animal dander and cat saliva plants house dust Mites Cockroaches pollen
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Effects on the Human & Natural Environment Acid rain Ozone depletion Global warming In human population- respiratory problems, allergies, strengthens lugs, and a risk for cancer
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A Comparative View of Air Pollution
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United States Comparison of Growth Areas and Emissions, 1980-2008 http://www.solcomhouse.com/airpollution.htm
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The Clean Air Act: Basic Principles CAA: statutory regime controlling outdoor air pollution in the USA Key Components of the CAA: National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) State Implementation Plans (SIPs) & Federal Implementation Plans (FIPs)
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2011 for the course ENVR 201 taught by Professor Carlarne during the Fall '10 term at South Carolina.

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Air Pollution Control - Air Pollution Control US Clean Air...

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