The Westward Expansion and Settlement

The Westward Expansion and Settlement - The Westward...

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The Westward Expansion and Settlement The settlement of the West was a series of crucial events that led to shape the unique history of the United Sates , especially in its role of coming of the Civil War, immigration and migration, and lastly, creation of Americans. In addition, the Westward expansion was enforced by the role of government and business interest, which in turn projected a less violent and aggressive “Western” experience in Canada than in US. The role of the West can be explained as a factor contributing to the coming of the Civil War. Before the West came into play, the North was mostly involved in mechanizing farm production and investing in industry, finance, and transportation (Guarneri, 148). However, the South was more focused on slave production mainly on cotton, sugar, and tobacco. The difference began to grow and become intense as the westward expansion was led by both the Northeast and Southeast. Both sides wanted to expand their activities to the West. However, the North appeared to be winning to expand their trade and investment in West. On the other hand, the economy of the South and North become more differing, while the economy of the Northeast and West were becoming closer (Guarneri, 148). The reason was that as the North railroad became diffused inland, the west started trading crops using a the eastward route rather than down Mississippi. This trade route excluded out the South in the economy pool and thus, brought divergence between the North and South. On the other hand , the expansion of slavery brought some controversy among the free and slave states (Guarneri, 148). The slavery expansion intensified the enmity between free and slave states in obtaining political power and control in nation’s economy. Therefore, the increasing competition between the North and South in the Westward expansion intensified their difference and thus, fueled the war. Both sides were trying to put across their ways of life in the West. However, It was difficult for them to have a
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collaboration, as their ways of activities and business differed and thus, became more like a competition. Immigration and migration was another crucial event in the settlement of the West. The major reason that led to increased migration and immigration was that the West had desired resources such as Gold , silver, and land. This attracted different kinds of frontiers such as mining, farming, and cattle. Starting off with California in 1848, the increased rushes for gold, silver, lead, and copper led to increase demand for settlement by 1880 (Guarneri, 140). This increased mining demand led white settlers to explore California and other Southwest frontiers. The Homestead act in 1862 provided western settlers free land ownership, this resulted in higher
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The Westward Expansion and Settlement - The Westward...

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