American revolution MIdTERM

American revolution MIdTERM - Nydia E. Hernandez Dr....

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Nydia E. Hernandez Dr. Piecuch Fall 2010 Midterm 3 Oct 2010 Part I. Identification 1. Townshend Acts: This was a form of taxes placed on the colonies in the 1760s in response to the failure of the Stamp Act. Britain needed money to help them out of debt from the Seven Years’ war so they asked Ben Franklin what taxes they could place on the people without upsetting them. Ben responded that the colonists would not object to external taxes. So Parliament passed the Townshend acts taxing items such as; paint, tea, lead, glass, etc. Colonists began to protests these taxes immediately because if these taxes were implemented the money would go towards paying the city governors and then the members of the colonies would not have any influence over rulings like they previously did. Plus many see the tax as an internal revenue tax and not external. As a result colonist boycotted British goods. This in turn made Britain lose a lot of money as well as worsening the British/Colonist relationship. 2. Boston Tea Party: The East India Trading company had an economic crash but instead of bailing them out or letting them fail Britain created the Tea Act. This eliminated the middle man and made purchasing and selling the tea cheaper for the East India Trading company as well as for the colonists, which in hopes would save the company. Instead of taking this new lower price colonist saw this as the British government trying to trick them into surrendering their rights. So when the East India Trading Company sent all of its tea to America the colonist made them send it back and if that did not happen the ships were to be impounded. Most of the impounding was nonviolent but in Boston three ships came and the merchants actually wanted the tea. In order to make sure no one got the tea the Sons of liberty covertly went aboard the ships and threw 45 tons of tea overboard into the harbor. This costs the British millions of dollars and as a result Parliament passed the coercive acts on Boston which eventually led to the revolutionary war and a split between Britain and America. 3. Common Sense: This was a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1776. Its purpose was to convince the American people that Independence from Britain was the best course of action. The pamphlet spelled out the flaws of the monarchy, the government and then goes on to why the American people would be better off without England. This is a very important piece of writing due to its impact on the colonists and its eventual successful push towards independence. 4. Proclamation of 1763: A proclamation by the British after Pontiac’s rebellion. British officials created this after analyzing the causes of the war. It stated that if colonist would be nicer
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we would not have had these issues. So it declared no more settlement west of the Appalachian line and ordered colonists to be more respectful of Native territories. It then declared that all lands east of the line already owned by Natives cannot be purchased by personal or private
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American revolution MIdTERM - Nydia E. Hernandez Dr....

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