{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Exam 1 study guide - CRJU 341 Study Guide for Exam 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CRJU 341 Study Guide for Exam 1 Chapter 1: Theory of Crime What is theory? Explanation -5 Components of Scientific Theories: 1. Concepts 2. Definitions of concepts 3. Propositions 4. Causation in scientific theories 5. Philosophical Assumptions 1. Concepts Words or phrases that represent some phenomena in the world Examples: “crime,” “victim,” “socioeconomic status” The object of theory is to explain the interrelationship of concepts, how concepts are related to each other 2. Definitions of Concepts a) nominal definitions= crime is simply a violation of the law b) operational definitions= describe how concepts will be used for research purposes Examples: crime= “offenses known to police” Victimization= “offenses in the phone survey” 3. Propositions Interrelated concepts Example: As poverty increases, crime increases a. positive linear relationship
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
b. negative linear relationship c. ? d. curvilinear relationship 4. Causation The researcher makes a casual argument based on: 1. Correlation the variable must statistically relate to each other 2. Theoretical Rationale reasons/things that cause crime 3. Time Series “X” variable must occur before “Y” variable Example: poverty (x) must occur before crime(y) difficult to tell in real world 4. Absence of Spuriousness (aka 3 rd variable) What is the missing variable 5. Philosophical Assumptions ideas that cannot be scientifically or empirically proven Three Asumptions: a) What is your view of
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}