Exam 1 study guide

Exam 1 study guide - CRJU 341 Study Guide for Exam 1...

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CRJU 341 Study Guide for Exam 1 Chapter 1: Theory of Crime What is theory? Explanation -5 Components of Scientific Theories: 1. Concepts 2. Definitions of concepts 3. Propositions 4. Causation in scientific theories 5. Philosophical Assumptions 1. Concepts Words or phrases that represent some phenomena in the world Examples: “crime,” “victim,” “socioeconomic status” The object of theory is to explain the interrelationship of concepts, how concepts are related to each other 2. Definitions of Concepts a) nominal definitions= crime is simply a violation of the law b) operational definitions= describe how concepts will be used for research purposes Examples: crime= “offenses known to police” Victimization= “offenses in the phone survey” 3. Propositions Interrelated concepts Example: As poverty increases, crime increases a. positive linear relationship
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b. negative linear relationship c. ? d. curvilinear relationship 4. Causation The researcher makes a casual argument based on: 1. Correlation the variable must statistically relate to each other 2. Theoretical Rationale reasons/things that cause crime 3. Time Series “X” variable must occur before “Y” variable Example: poverty (x) must occur before crime(y) difficult to tell in real world 4. Absence of Spuriousness (aka 3 rd variable) What is the missing variable 5. Philosophical Assumptions ideas that cannot be scientifically or empirically proven Three Asumptions: a) What is your view of
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2011 for the course CRJU 341 taught by Professor Fagan during the Fall '10 term at South Carolina.

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Exam 1 study guide - CRJU 341 Study Guide for Exam 1...

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