Final Study Guide Answers
There are four you need to know, generalized anxiety, panic disorder, OCD, and phobias.
Descriptions of these four are in your notes and in the text, pages 627-629.
Three criteria: 1. Must cause clinically significant determent.
Must come from an internal source.
Must be involuntary.
Depression is a mood disorder.
Roland has antisocial personality disorder.
Movie characters with this disorder include
Hannibal Lecter (Silence of the Lambs) and Frank Abergale (Catch Me if You Can).
Jack had obsessive compulsive disorder which is an anxiety disorder.
We talked about 8: interview, history (family and medical), personality tests (MMPI, Big
Five), IQ tests (WAIS), projective tests (Rorschach, DAPT), direct observation, brain imaging
(PET, MRI, CAT), and the DSM–IV.
Hallucinations and delusions are positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
They are called
positive because presence of these symptoms indicates you might have this disorder.
words, normal people don’t have these symptoms.
Flat affect (ie toneless voice, expressionless face) and rigid posture are negative symptoms.
Negative because absence of expression and regular posture indicates a problem.
people have expression and normal posture.
Females have a higher rate of depression.
The neurotransmitters serotonin and
norepinephrine are low in depression.
Three biological causes:
Evolution (phobias are passed down to us because ancestors who
were scared of snakes, heights, etc. lived long enough to reproduce), genetics, and abnormally
high frontal lobe activity.
James has schizophrenia, dopamine is overactive.
The most common obsession is germs, compulsions used to reduce the anxiety caused by
germs might be excessive hand washing, avoidance of physical contact with others and objects,
avoidance of leaving house, overall cleanliness.
Other common obsessions involve safety
(checking locks, stove, etc.) and order (extreme neatness, pencils must all be same length, etc.).