Lecture 18 - Drug Addiction

Lecture 18 - Drug Addiction - Drug Addiction & Treatment I....

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Drug Addiction & Treatment
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I. Why Some Use Drugs and Others Don’t A. Risk factors 1. Tendency towards nonconformity a. poor school attendance b. poor relationships with parent(s) c. deviant behavior 1. Peer influence
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Risk cont. Past month drug use and delinquent behavior: Got into a fight No fight 20.7% 9.3% Carrying Handgun No gun 34.6% 10.8% Selling Drugs No drug selling 68.8% 9.0% Stealing No Stealing 43.8% 9.9%
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Drug Use and Delinquent Behavior
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Cont. B. Protective factors 1. intact and positive home life 2. positive educational experience (high reading and math achievement levels) 3. peers that are socially conforming 4. positive attitudes and beliefs (high self-esteem)
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Protective cont. Past month drug use of those 12-17 year olds who said they attended religious services 25+ times a year: 7.1% Past month drug use for those who attended less than 25 times or not at all: 13.9% Those who said religion is an important part of my life: 9.2% Not important: 20.5%
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II. Dependence A. Physical – abuser continues use of drug to avoid aversive withdrawal symptoms 1. Which drugs create a physical dependence? - nicotine, alcohol, opiates, barbiturates 1. Symptoms? tremors, nausea, weakness, fast heart rate, delirium, seizures, hallucinations, death
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Cont. A. Psychological – abuser continues use of drug due to cravings for pleasurable effects of the drug - Circular logic conceived because some drugs (cocaine, hallucinogens, marijuana) are abused despite not causing physical dependence
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C. How do we define dependence? DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) -
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2011 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Cusaac during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

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Lecture 18 - Drug Addiction - Drug Addiction & Treatment I....

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