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HPS study guide (1,2,3)

HPS study guide (1,2,3) - HPS Study Guide(Chps 1,2,3...

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HPS Study Guide (Chps. 1,2,3) Chapter 1 Functional age- describes the way your body behaves when it is given a strenuous task to perform Five Leading Causes of Death o Heart Disease o Cancer o Stroke o Cardio-respiratory disease o Diabetes Chronic Disease - prolonged in duration, do not resolve spontaneously, and are rarely cured completely o Most Common of all Diseases Total Wellness made up of 7 Components: o Physical o Environmental o Social o Occupational o Intellectual o Emotional o Spiritual wellness Physical Wellness- defined by our ability to take care of ourselves, absence of disease, and our body’s overall condition Locus of Control- belief in how much we control our own health o Internal Locus of Control - believe that they have control of their own destinies and have the power to shape their futures. Sedentary Death Syndrome- the shortening of a life due to lack of physical activity Healthy Life Expectancy (HALE)- average number of years that a person can expect to live in “full health” o Calculated by subtracting years lived in less than full health due to disease and/or injury from the total number of years of life. 5 Categories of Physical Fitness: o Cardiovascular endurance- to bring oxygen to the cells of the body o Muscular strength-exert a max. force./ measured by a one-time application of force rather than continuous activity o Muscular endurance- ability over a period of time o Flexibility- ability of a joint to move through a full range of motion o Body Composition- fat and fat-free tissues of the body Adaptation - how your body turns a new skill into second nature Principle of Individual Differences - each person has a different response to an exercise program and needs to exercise accordingly Reversibility - fancy way of saying “use it or lose it.”
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