2-10-11 - I What does it mean to be a citizen a Early...

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2/10/11 I. What does it mean to be a citizen? a. Early citizenship defined STATE constitutions b. Today US citizenship defined by US c. The modern definition of citizenship has been shaped by conflict over slavery and race in the USA II. Slavery in Virginia 1619 a. Slavery existed in all 13 colonies just fewer in the north b. Most southern delegates were slave owners i. George Washington put in will that when he dies slaves will be free c. Eli Whitney i. Invented Cotton Gin d. Cotton was over half of the US exports (includes north and south) e. Dred Scott Decision 1857 i. Owner traveled to Illinois(free state) ii. Owner dies, and Supreme Court rules Dred Scott not free. 1. Not citizen nor person III. Secession and Civil War a. SC.,GA,ALA,MISS say they are leaving once Lincoln is sworn in b. Lincoln says he’ll call army, once you join Union can’t leave IV. Emancipation and Amendments a. 1863 Emancipation Proclamation b. Civil War Constitutional Amendments c. 13 th Bans Slavery or involuntary servitude
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14 th all citizens to have “due process of law” and “equal protection under the law”Most important amendment after the Bill of Rights Only a $1 but was equivalent to a week’s wage for a working man. Prevented Blacks, and Poor Whites from Voting so only Wealthy Vote Make read random part of Constitution and say what it means If you had grandfather who voted in previous years then you could skip literacy test and vote. White get out free card. Atl: Too busy to hate would compromise, and was good economically. Ala wasn’t. Although black families didn’t make that much money, they still put money back into the economy. This is why they boycotted the bus, because the bus depended mostly on black riders. Also sit ins at restaurants: no food sold so just took up space. If you share personal living space with someone else, you are allowed to pick and choose. However if you are renting and don’t live there then you can’t pick and choose. d. e. 15 th Voting rights for all citizens V. Southern Reconstruction 1866-76 a. High level of tension is southern social structure b. Congress passes Civil Rights laws. US military enforces them c. Disputed 1876 election federal troops withdrawn from the south.
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  • Spring '11
  • BruceFlower
  • Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ALA, personal living space, free card, Wealthy Vote

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