Review Sheet 2 Public Opinion Sampling, Margin of Error, Direction versus Intensity in polling Who are main agents of political socialization? What is party identification? Closed versus Open ended questions. Why should survey responses be rotated? Political Parties Why created? What do they do? Responsible Party Model Political Machine Era: What did parties provide for voters? What did they ask in return? How do they make sure voters followed through? Progressive Reforms: Secret ballot, government printed ballot, anti-corruption laws, Candidate Selection through Primary voting (i.e. Direct Primary) Why are 3 rd parties important at times in US history? USA has which type of electoral system? Plurality or Proportional. What effect? Voting and Campaign Strategy What does the Calculus of Voting suggest people should do? Why might turnout be lower here than in other countries? Expansion of the electorate: Adult Males 1830s, African-American Males 1860s, Women 1920, Younger Voters 1970s. Difference between convention and unconventional participation
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