Chapter 8_Social Stratification

Chapter 8_Social Stratification - 3/14/11 Social...

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3/14/11 Social Stratification (Chapter 8) I. What is Social Stratification- a. Four basic principles i. Trait of society ii. Carries over from generation to generation 1. Social mobility a. A change in position within the social hierarchy iii. Social stratification is universal but variable iv. Involves not just inequality but beliefs as well II. Caste and Class Systems a. Closed systems-caste systems i. Allow little change in social position b. Open Systems-class system i. Permit much more social mobility III. The Caste System a. Social stratification based on ascription or birth i. Little or no social mobility b. An illustration: india i. Four major castes or Varna 1. Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Sudra ii. Caste position determines life from birth iii. The caste guides everyday life by keeping people in the company of their “own kind” iv. Typically agrarian because agriculture demands a lifelong routing of work IV.Class System a. Based on birth and individual achievement i. Schooling and skills lead to social mobility
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2011 for the course SOCI 2011 taught by Professor Shaconnahaley during the Spring '11 term at Kennesaw.

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Chapter 8_Social Stratification - 3/14/11 Social...

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