Outline - I. The Warren Court sought throughout the 1950s...

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I. The Warren Court sought throughout the 1950s and 60s to increase civil liberties for many different segments of the American public. II. Context a. Domestic Context i. Black Rights 1. Segregation enforced in schools and public places 2. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) -- "separate but equal" 3. Jim Crow laws ii. Redistricting 1. Colegrove v. Green (1946) -- redistricting a political, not judicial, prerogative 2. Internal migrations in states like Tennessee left some districts underpopulated and therefore each vote in such districts was more influential iii. Criminal Rights 1. Brutal interrogation tactics of policemen widely known -- the "third degree" 2. 1960s saw the emergence of the legal aid movement -- Legal Services Corporation forms as part of LBJ's Great Society and provides counsel during interrogation iv. Freedom of Speech 1. Ohio criminal syndicalism statute -- enacted after Red Scare of 1919 -- any public support for groups that engage in violence to achieve objectives illegal v. Freedom of Religion 1. Establishment Clause of Constitution says that the "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion" vi. Cruel and Unusual Punishment
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1. Nationality Act of 1940 said soldiers who desert military lose citizenship 2. 8th Amendment generally prevents cruel and unusual punishment III. Body Paragraphs a. Black Rights i. Brown v. Board of Education (1954) 1. Unanimous decision to strike down Plessy v. Ferguson 2. Separate facilities are "inherently unequal" and violate the Equal Protection Clause in the Constitution
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2011 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Jameson during the Spring '11 term at James Madison University.

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Outline - I. The Warren Court sought throughout the 1950s...

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