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Unformatted text preview: 22:11 NUT111AV Notes Human – Outside the body • Is it in the body? • Out of the body? • Where in the body? • How is it used? Carbohydrates • Carbon + Water • CnH2nOn • In “D”, the OH group is on the right side, in “L” the OH group is on the left side • Monosaccharides o Glucose o Galactose o Fructose • Disaccharides o Maltose (glucose/glucose) Glucose + glucose = maltose + water (condensation) o Lactose (glucose/galactose) o Sucrose (fructose/glucose) • Enzymes o Alpha-Amylase breaks alpha[1,4] bonds (maltose: 2 glucose) Can break any [1,4] bonds o Isomaltase will break alpha [1,6] bonds • Beta bonds o Humans have trouble breaking beta bonds, but body can break lactose beta bond (lactase breaks down beta [1,4] bonds) • Raffinose (type of sucrose) • Starch o Glucose molecule in a straight line (alpha [1,4] bonds and alpha [1,6] bonds) • Polysaccharides...
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This note was uploaded on 06/04/2011 for the course NUT 111AV 23412 taught by Professor Mcdonald during the Spring '09 term at UC Davis.
- Spring '09