Lecture 6 - ■ mind perception infer humanlike mental...

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Perceiving Persons 03/02/11 (Part 1) 1
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2 Social Perception social perception: a general term for the processes by which people come to understand one another can’t “see” thoughts/feelings we infer, make judgments clues: person, situation, behavior
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Judging a Book by its Cover 1800s Viennese physician, Franz Gall phrenology 3
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4 Judgments: Persons (Faces) judged traits based on faces kind-hearted “characteristics” judged faces based on traits kind-hearted v. mean-spirited
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5 Other Findings baby-faced features - warm, kind, naive, weak, honest, submissive mature features - stronger, more dominant, more competent these judgments affect all areas of life
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6 Judgments: Situations scripts: preexisting notions; anticipate goals, behaviors, and outcomes likely to occur in a particular setting knowledge of situation changes perception see what we expect to see explain causes of behavior
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7 Judgments: Behavior identify action and derive meaning
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Unformatted text preview: ■ mind perception: infer humanlike mental state; inanimate and animate objects ■ nonverbal behavior: feelings without words; from face, body, voice 8 Non-Verbal Cues: Faces ■ universally recognized facial expressions 9 “in-group advantage” Elfenbein & Ambady (2002) ■ 97 studies, 42 countries, 22K people ■ 9% more accurate for own ethnic group ■ probably because of exposure 10 Real vs. Fake Smiles ■ very distinct, but difficult to differentiate ■ why use a fake smile? social facilitation ■ spotting a fake – depends on familiarity ■ try spotting the fake smile! http://www.bbc.co.uk/ science/humanbody/mind/surveys/smiles/index.shtml 11 Non-Verbal Cues: Gaze and Touch ■ gaze and touch ■ evasiveness; intimacy; control; interest ■ cultural differences 12 Truth vs. Deception ■ think we’re good, but many errors ■ attend to words and face ■ need to look at body language and voice...
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Lecture 6 - ■ mind perception infer humanlike mental...

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