first assignment - puts something on it that makes you feel...

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What is learning? Because there are two kinds of conditioning, instrumental and classical, many theorists conclude that there are at least two kinds of learning or that learning ultimately can be understood in terms of classical and instrumental conditioning. P.7 Classical conditioning (learning) is “an experimental arrangement whereby a stimulus is made to elicit a response that was not previously associated with that stimulus (i.e., the conditioned stimulus, CS, comes to elicit a response similar to the one elicited by the unconditioned stimulus, US).” (Olson, Hergenhahn, 2009, p.446) Instrumental conditioning (learning) is “an experimental procedure whereby the rate or probability of a response is changed from one value before conditioning to another value following conditioning. With instrumental conditioning, the organism must perform an appropriate response to be reinforced. (p.453) Examples of classical conditioning : Health setting…a child in school gets sick and throws up, the janitor
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Unformatted text preview: puts something on it that makes you feel nauseous, now every time you smell that smell you become nauseous. Counseling…your client wants to quit smoking so you use hypnosis to cause her to be ill when she thinks of smoking. School…your preschooler loves stickers and gets one for good behavior, so when he sees the stickers his behavior improves. Examples of instrumental conditioning: Health setting…your child fears dentists so every time you take them you buy them a toy. Counseling…a client pulls out their hair by the handfuls and in order to get them to stop you have them wear a rubber band around their wrist and every time they get the urge to pull, have them snap it… School…your child would rather listen to his ipod than do homework, so the parents take it away until the work is done. Reference Olson, M.H., Hergenhahn, B.R. (2009). Introduction to theories of learning (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall...
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