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Discus 4 - 1 Essay 1 Sociology 101 Amber A Stewart Highline...

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1 Essay 1, Sociology 101 Amber A. Stewart Highline Community College The English sociologist Herbert Spencer described our society as functioning much in the same way as our bodies do. Spencer theorized that social structures work together to preserve society, just like our bones and muscles work together so that our bodies may function (Macionis, 2009). This theory helped to shape what is known today as structural-functional theoretical perspective. The structural-functional perspective tells us that our society is a complex system comprised of elements that work together to promote cohesion and solidity (Macionis, 2009). One might ask, “What does this mean?” I believe it means the following: The everyday functions that you and I carry out contribute to the stability (or instability) of our society. This is particularly evident in social patterns. When enough individuals in a given society function in a certain way this produces a social pattern. For example: Most of in the U.S.A. buy our produce from grocery stores. This contributes to our local economy and thus to our national economy. This contribution assists in maintaining and promoting the stability of our
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