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Essay1 - Cyurry CHOI 1 Essay 1 Discuss one of the three...

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Cyurry CHOI - 1 Essay 1: Discuss one of the three theoretical perspectives (functionalism, conflict theories, symbolic interactionism), and apply it to people’s behavioral change because of the economic recession in the U.S. (and/or the world). The social-conflict approach to sociological theory focuses on seeing society as “an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change” (Macionis, 2009, p. 13). This approach emphasizes that the social structure benefits some people while hurting others, creating an “ongoing conflict between [the] dominant and [the] disadvantaged categories of people” (Macionis, 2009, p. 13). Factors including class, race, ethnicity, gender, and age are linked to the inequality within society. The inequality specifically arises because of the competition for limited resources, such as money, power, education, and social prestige. The people who are in control or have the power try to protect their privileges, and those with less or none of the aforementioned resources try to gain more for themselves, thus perpetuating the conflict. Different types of social conflict have also created subcategories of approaches. The gender-conflict approach, as the name suggests, and feminism focus on inequality and conflict between women and men. The race-conflict approach emphasizes inequality and conflict between people of different racial and ethnic categories.
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