Exam Study Guide 2

Exam Study Guide 2 - POL I 201 Exam 2 Study Guide, Part A...

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Unformatted text preview: POL I 201 Exam 2 Study Guide, Part A What does the Constitution say about how Congress is organized? How do political parties and committees structure Congress and what problems do each of these systems solve for members?-developed in 1 st congress, simplified decision making, maximized success, arent necessarily cohesive Know the size, terms of office, and constituencies for both Senators and Representatives. How do these things affect how each chamber operates? House Senate Length of term 2 6 Number per state Varies on population (435) 2 Constituency Tends to be Local Is both local and National-Senate is more deliberative of the two it is the body where ALL ideas can receive thorough public airing, little power is given to them and specialization is discouraged-House is more organized and centralized. Given more control over legislative process How were Senators originally chosen? When and how did this change?- Originally chosen by state legislatures- 17th Amendment (1913) 1 Popular election What do political scientists consider to be the main goal of members of Congress? Why?-Re-Election At roughly what rates do incumbents get reelected in the House?-over 90% in the house What are the sources of the incumbency advantage? Why is it smaller in the Senate than in the House?-Brought too many benefits to district, too much money, too well known; -Better quality challengers, Greater diversity in electorate- greater party competition, More public campaigns, More associated with divisive issues What is sociological representation? How representative is Congress in terms of sex, race, and profession? What is agency representation? -The percent of representation is equal to makeup of population.-17%women compared to 51% in population-1% black compared to 13% in population (same trend with latinos)-Majority have a profession of lawyer Know the institutional and party leadership positions in both the House and Senate and what the roles are. 186-House: Speaker of the House, Majority leader, Majority Whip, Minority leader, Minority Whip 187-Senate: president of the senate is VP, President-pro-tempore (for ceremonial purposes, generally the most senior), majority/minority leaders, and majority/minority assistant leaders What tools do party leaders have to enforce party loyalty?-support for legislation, fundraising, appointment to committees What are party unity votes? What is the trend for them?-around 186 What are the roles of standing committees? How is committee membership decided? When members introduce legislation, it is referred to a standing committee. That committee: may study the bill, bring in witnesses, debate it, mark it up, and vote on whether to report it out....
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Exam Study Guide 2 - POL I 201 Exam 2 Study Guide, Part A...

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