22-24 - Evolution Review Multiple Choice Identify the...

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Evolution Review Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. On which of the following did Linnaeus base his classification system? a. morphology and anatomy b. evolutionary history c. the fossil record d. A and B only e. A, B, and C ____ 2. Catastrophism, meaning the regular occurrence of geological or meteorological disturbances (catastrophes), was Cuvier's attempt to explain the existence of ____ 3. What was the prevailing notion prior to the time of Lyell and Darwin? ____ 4. During a study session about evolution, one of your fellow students remarks, "The giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher leaves; its offspring inherited longer necks as a result." Which statement would you use to correct this student's misconception? ____ 5. "Improving the intelligence of an adult through education will result in that adult's descendants being born with a greater native intelligence." This statement is an example of a. Darwinism. b. Lamarckism. c. uniformitarianism. d. scala naturae. e. Malthusianism. ____ 6. In the mid-1900s, the Soviet geneticist Lysenko exposed winter wheat plants to ever-colder temperatures, col- lected their seeds, and then exposed the seedlings to ever-colder temperatures. He repeated his attempts over the course of decades in an attempt to evolve cold-tolerant winter wheat. Lysenko's attempts in this regard were most in agreement with the ideas of ____ 7. Darwin's mechanism of natural selection required long time spans in order to modify species. From whom did Darwin get the concept of Earth's ancient age?
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