22-24 - Evolution Review Multiple Choice Identify the...

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Evolution Review Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. On which of the following did Linnaeus base his classification system? a. morphology and anatomy b. evolutionary history c. the fossil record d. A and B only e. A, B, and C ____ 2. Catastrophism, meaning the regular occurrence of geological or meteorological disturbances (catastrophes), was Cuvier's attempt to explain the existence of a. evolution. b. the fossil record. c. uniformitarianism. d. the origin of new species. e. natural selection. ____ 3. What was the prevailing notion prior to the time of Lyell and Darwin? a. Earth is 6,000 years old, and populations are unchanging. b. Earth is 6,000 years old, and populations gradually change. c. Earth is millions of years old, and populations rapidly change. d. Earth is millions of years old, and populations are unchanging. e. Earth is millions of years old, and populations gradually change. ____ 4. During a study session about evolution, one of your fellow students remarks, "The giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher leaves; its offspring inherited longer necks as a result." Which statement would you use to correct this student's misconception? a. Characteristics acquired during an organism's life are generally not passed on through genes. b. Spontaneous mutations can result in the appearance of new traits. c. Only favorable adaptations have survival value. d. Disuse of an organ may lead to its eventual disappearance. e. Overproduction of offspring leads to a struggle for survival. ____ 5. "Improving the intelligence of an adult through education will result in that adult's descendants being born with a greater native intelligence." This statement is an example of a. Darwinism. b. Lamarckism. c. uniformitarianism. d. scala naturae. e. Malthusianism. ____ 6. In the mid-1900s, the Soviet geneticist Lysenko exposed winter wheat plants to ever-colder temperatures, col- lected their seeds, and then exposed the seedlings to ever-colder temperatures. He repeated his attempts over the course of decades in an attempt to evolve cold-tolerant winter wheat. Lysenko's attempts in this regard were most in agreement with the ideas of a. Cuvier. b. Hutton. c. Lamarck. d. Darwin. e. Plato. ____ 7. Darwin's mechanism of natural selection required long time spans in order to modify species. From whom did Darwin get the concept of Earth's ancient age?
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a. Georges Cuvier b. Charles Lyell c. Alfred Wallace d. Thomas Malthus e. John Henslow ____ 8. Darwin had initially expected the living plants of temperate South America to resemble those of temperate Europe, but he was surprised to find that they more closely resembled the plants of tropical South America. The biological explanation for this observation is most properly associated with the field of
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2011 for the course BIO 104 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at Saddleback.

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22-24 - Evolution Review Multiple Choice Identify the...

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