22-25 - Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Catastrophism, meaning the regular occurrence of geological or meteorological disturbances (catastrophes), was Cuvier's attempt to explain the existence of a. evolution. b. the fossil record. c. uniformitarianism. d. the origin of new species. e. natural selection. ____ 2. Which of the following events, as described here, is most in agreement with the idea of catastrophism? a. the gradual uplift of the Himalayas by the collision of the Australian crustal plate with the Eurasian crustal plate b. the formation of the Grand Canyon by the Colorado River over millions of years c. the deposition of sediments many kilometers thick on the floors of seas and oceans d. the demise of the dinosaurs, and various other groups, by the impact of a large extraterrestrial body with Earth e. the development of the Galapagos Islands from underwater seamounts over millions of years ____ 3. What was the prevailing notion prior to the time of Lyell and Darwin? a. Earth is 6,000 years old, and populations are unchanging. b. Earth is 6,000 years old, and populations gradually change. c. Earth is millions of years old, and populations rapidly change. d. Earth is millions of years old, and populations are unchanging. e. Earth is millions of years old, and populations gradually change. ____ 4. During a study session about evolution, one of your fellow students remarks, "The giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher leaves; its offspring inherited longer necks as a result." Which statement would you use to correct this student's misconception? a. Characteristics acquired during an organism's life are generally not passed on through genes. b. Spontaneous mutations can result in the appearance of new traits. c. Only favorable adaptations have survival value. d. Disuse of an organ may lead to its eventual disappearance. e. Overproduction of offspring leads to a struggle for survival. ____ 5. "Improving the intelligence of an adult through education will result in that adult's descendants being born with a greater native intelligence." This statement is an example of a. Darwinism. b. Lamarckism. c. uniformitarianism. d. scala naturae. e. Malthusianism. ____ 6. Who was the naturalist who synthesized a concept of natural selection independently of Darwin? a. Charles Lyell b. Gregor Mendel c. Alfred Wallace d. John Henslow e. Thomas Malthus
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
____ 7. A biologist studied a population of squirrels for 15 years. During that time, the population was never fewer than 30 squirrels and never more than 45. Her data showed that over half of the squirrels born did not survive to reproduce, because of competition for food and predation. In a single generation, 90% of the squirrels that were born lived to reproduce, and the population increased to 80. What inferences might you make about this population? a.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 18

22-25 - Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online