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22 (no answers) - Exam Ch. 22 Descent with Modification: A...

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Exam Ch. 22 Descent with Modification: A Darwinian view of life Name ______________ 1) Which statement is most consistent with the natural theology that was prevalent in Europe and America during Darwin's life? A) God is nature. B) God is all-natural. C) Nature reflects God's intelligent design. D) God can be discerned only through the study of nature. E) To love God is to love nature. 2) On which of the following did Linnaeus base his classification system? A) morphology and anatomy B) evolutionary history C) the fossil record D) only A and B are correct E) A, B, and C are correct 3) Catastrophism was Cuvier's attempt to explain A) evolution. B) the fossil record. C) uniformitarianism. D) the origin of new species. E) natural selection. 4) What was the prevailing notion prior to the time of Lyell and Darwin? A) The Earth is 6,000 years old and populations are unchanging. B) The Earth is 6,000 years old and populations gradually change. C) The Earth is millions of years old and populations rapidly change. D) The Earth is millions of years old and populations are unchanging. E) The Earth is millions of years old and populations gradually change. 5) During a study session about evolution, one of your fellow students remarks, "The giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher leaves; its offspring inherited longer necks as a result." Which statement most accurately corrects the student's misconception? A) Characteristics acquired during an organism's life are not passed on through genes. B) Spontaneous mutations can result in the appearance of new traits. C) Only favorable adaptations have survival value. D) Disuse of an organ may lead to its eventual disappearance. E) Overproduction of offspring leads to a struggle for survival. 6) The statement "Improving the intelligence of an adult through education will result in that adult's descendants being born with a greater native intelligence" is an example of A) Darwinism. B) Lamarckism. C) uniformitarianism. D) scala naturae. E) natural theology. 7) Increased UV irradiation causes the skin of humans to become more darkly pigmented over a period of days. The notion that the offspring of such tanned individuals should consequently inherit darkened skin from their parents is consistent with the ideas of A) Charles Darwin. B) Carolus Linnaeus. C) Alfred Wallace. D) Jean Baptiste Lamarck. E) Charles Lyell. 8) Darwin's mechanism of natural selection required long time spans in order to modify species. From whom did Darwin get the concept of the Earth's ancient age? A) Georges Cuvier B) Charles Lyell C) Alfred Wallace D) Thomas Malthus E) John Henslow
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9) The naturalist who synthesized a concept of natural selection independently of Darwin was A) Charles Lyell. B) Gregor Mendel.
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22 (no answers) - Exam Ch. 22 Descent with Modification: A...

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