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Dem adj and pronouns - Demonstrative Adjectives and...

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This, that, these, those, and those over there (the pointing-out adjectives and pronouns.) Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns (Los adjetivos y pronombres demostrativos) Demonstrative adjectives point out specific people and objects and the relative position and distance between the speaker and the object or person modified. Demonstrative adjectives are usually placed before the modified noun and agree with it in number and gender.
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El viejo y el mar Este libro que yo tengo aquí es una novela. este Este refers to a masculine singular noun that is close to the speaker .
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Es de matemáticas. ¿De qué materia es ese libro que tú tienes allí? El viejo y el mar ese Ese refers to a masculine singular noun that is close to the listener .
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¡Exacto! El viejo y el mar Aquel libro que está allá en la mesa es un diccionario, ¿no? aquel Aquel refers to a masculine singular noun that is far from both the speaker and the listener .
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Estos libros los debo devolver a la biblioteca. El viejo y el mar estos Estos* refers to a masculine plural noun that is close to the speaker .
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