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chapter 14 - CHAPTER 14 The Age of the Reformation I The...

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CHAPTER 14 The Age of the Reformation I. The Reformation Movements, ca. 1517-1545 In the early sixteenth century, reformers who sought to return to the "original" Christianity of the New Testament challenged the medieval church's exclusive claims to sacramental and priestly authority. A. The Late Medieval Context 1. The popularity of saints and religious festivals. 2. An increase in the number of religious orders for women, among them the Beguines. B. Martin Luther and the New Theology 1. The background of Martin Luther. 2. Belief in justification by faith. 3. Opposition to the sale of indulgences. 4. Belief in sola scriptura : church authority based on biblical teachings. C. The Reformation of the Communities 1. Luther's message spreads beyond the German states. 2. Huldrych Zwingli and Swiss communal reform for organized religion. D. John Calvin and the Reformed Tradition 1. Protestant reformer Calvin and the emergence of predestination.
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  • Fall '08
  • wormer
  • Protestant Reformation, B. Martin Luther, Protestant reformer Calvin, A. Catholic Reform, Swiss communal reform

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