chapter 9 - CHAPTER 9 The Expansion of Europe in the High...

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CHAPTER 9 The Expansion of Europe in the High Middle Ages, 900-1300 I. Economic Expansion Europe sustained great economic and demographic expansion in the High Middle Ages. A. The Growing Population 1. Family size affected by changes in agriculture. B. Technological Gains 1. The adoption of the three-field system. 2. New farming technologies. 3. Improvements in land transport and seaborne navigation. C. Forms of Enterprise 1. Regional crop specialization. 2. Increased uses for lumber. 3. Improved nutrition. D. The Roles of Cities and Towns 1. Changes in the purpose and function of towns and cities. 2. The development of the guild system. E. Changing Economic Attitudes 1. Christian morality and ethics accept responsibility for the underprivileged. 2. Morality and ethics in the conduct of business. II. The Heirs of the Carolingian Empire: Germany, Italy, and France The states that evolved out of the Carolingian empire faced common challenges of
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chapter 9 - CHAPTER 9 The Expansion of Europe in the High...

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