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c17 - Study Topics 1 Describe the scientific system that...

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CHAPTER 17 STUDY GUIDE Identifications and Vocabulary Heliocentric Nicolaus Copernicus Tycho Brahe Johannes Kepler Galileo Galilei Cartesian dualism mechanistic world-view Francis Bacon Geocentric Empirical method *************************** Learning Objectives 1. Describe the broad historical preconditions and environment leading to Copernicus's theoretical explorations. 2. Assess the impact of the new astronomy on the European intellectual tradition. 3. Explain the development of scientific methods, disciplines, and standards. 4. Describe the features of the new "mechanistic" world-view. 5. Discuss how religious, political, and social conditions shaped the work of scientists. 6. Analyze the effects of science on the social and philosophical order.
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Unformatted text preview: *************************** Study Topics 1. Describe the scientific system that existed in Europe prior to the sixteenth century (and that would continue to have great influence after that time). How do the heavens, nature, and human bodies affect each other? 2. How do the works of Copernicus and Galileo challenge the traditional ways of describing the world? What was the reaction to their writings at their time and after their death? 3. How and why did new theories about astronomy lead to a broader Scientific Revolution? 4. How did the new scientific worldview lead to challenges in traditional ideas about society, the state, and religion?...
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