Lecture 6 - Development

Lecture 6 - Development - Development Development Laugh...

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Unformatted text preview: Development Development Laugh Laugh Pedal a tricycle Sit without support Feel ashamed Walk unassisted Kicks ball forward Stand on one foot for 10 seconds Recognize and smile at mother or father Thinks about things that can’t be seen Makes two word sentences I. Prenatal Development I. Prenatal Development 4 Stages of Neural Development 1. Proliferation 2. Migration (8-16 weeks) 3. Differentiation 4. Continued Differentiation – Synapse Continued formation, myelination Post-Natal – Myelination, synaptic pruning I. Prenatal Development I. Prenatal Development Moderate malnutrition – schizophrenia? Moderate Teratogen – Any disease, drug, or other Teratogen noxious agent that causes abnormal prenatal development. development. 1. Tobacco – SIDS, slowed cognitive 1. development, ADHD development, 2. Alcohol - Fetal alcohol syndrome I. Prenatal Development I. Prenatal Development Critical Period – a period when an organism’s Critical exposure to stimuli or experiences promotes or hinders proper development hinders II. Newborn II. Newborn Rooting Reflex, Grasping Reflex Social responsiveness – babies prefer sights Social and sounds (high-pitched) that are human-like and Brain Stem Myelination Brain Stem Myelination III. Cognitive Development III. Cognitive Development Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development A. Sensorimotor Stage (0-2) – Experiencing the Sensorimotor world through senses and actions world - Object permanence (objects continue to Object exist when not perceived) develops gradually until about 18 months until III. Cognitive Development III. Cognitive Development A. Preoperational Stage (2-7) – Representing Preoperational things with words and images but lacking logical reasoning. logical - Lack of conservation (quantity remains the Lack same despite changes in shape) - Egocentrism – inability to perceive things from another’s point of view from III. Cognitive Development III. Cognitive Development C. Concrete Operational Stage (7-12)– thinking C. more logically about concrete events more - Can now perform conservation and math Can transformations transformations - Can classify objects on several dimensions D. Formal Operational Stage (12 and up) - Abstract, logical, systematic, and reflective Abstract, thinking begin thinking Beyond Piaget Beyond Piaget Piaget underestimated: 1. Young children’s cognitive dev 2. Role of cultural variability Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory ­ Cognitive dev is fueled by social interactions and culture influences this development. Language acquisition is key to cognitive development. IV. Social Development IV. Social Development Attachment 1. Body Contact – Harlows monkeys 2. Familiarity 2. a. Critical period a. b. Imprinting (Konrad Lorenz) 3. Responsive parenting – Secure, avoidant, 3. or anxious/ambivalent attachment or - Secure attachment = resilience, competence, Secure self-esteem, leadership, better peer and romantic relationships romantic ...
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