Summary 13 - interact with each other to accomplish company...

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TAO GUO MHR 318 6:00-7:50PM(MW) CH13-Reflection: Organizational structure depends on the product to be developed. Wheelwright and Clark define a continuum of organizational structures between two extremes, functional organizations and project organizations. Functional organizations are organized according to technological disciplines. Senior functional managers are respnsible for allocating resources. The responsibility for the total product is not allocated to a single person. Coordination occurs through rules and procedures, detailed specifications, shared traditions among engineers and meetings. Products that need a high level of specialized knowledge require a functionally organized structure. Elements of organizational structure give companies effective and efficient ways to run their businesses , manage their employees and ensure that tasks are completed. Elements such as span of control, centralization, departmentalization and formalization make up organizational structure. Each element impacts how employees
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Unformatted text preview: interact with each other to accomplish company goals and objectives. Span of control suggests how many employees each manager can handle within an organization. This element of organizational structure also outlines the number of mangers an organization needs, which is typically determined based on the number of employees and departments a company has. In a centralized organization, all decisions are made by c-level managers such as the chief executive officer, chief operating officer and chief marketing officer. Centralization leaves department managers with little to no input. This system is typical in larger, corporate organizations. Formalization is the element that outlines employee roles within a workplace, as defined by the rules and guidelines developed by management. Formalization determines whether employees have to sign in and out upon arriving and exiting the office, frequency and length of breaks, computer usage and dress code....
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2011 for the course MHR 318 taught by Professor Manning during the Spring '08 term at Cal Poly Pomona.

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Summary 13 - interact with each other to accomplish company...

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