FINAL - Chapter 21 The New Deal 1932-1940 These questions...

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Chapter 21 – T he New Deal, 1932-1940 These questions appeared on the study guide for Test #2, but may also appear again on the Final Exam. 1. What was the New Deal? i. When FDR took office, he immediately commenced a massive revitalization of the nation's economy. In response to the depression that hung over the nation in the early 1930s, President Roosevelt created many programs designed to put Americans back to work. Roosevelt was not interested in the dole. He was was determined, rather, to preserve the pride of American workers in their own ability to earn a living, so he concentrated on creating jobs. The New Deal is a series of economic programs implemented in the United States between 1933 and 1936. They were passed by the U.S. Congress during the first term of Franklin Delano Roosevelt as President of the United States, which lasted from 1933 to 1937. The programs were responses to the Great Depression, and focused on what historians call the "3 Rs": relief, recovery, and reform. That is, relief for the unemployed and poor; recovery of the economy to normal levels; and reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression. The New Deal produced a political realignment, making the Democratic Party the majority (as well as the party which held the White House for seven out of nine Presidential terms from 1933 to 1969), with its base in liberal ideas, big city machines, and newly empowered labor unions, ethnic minorities, and the white South. The Republicans were split, either opposing the entire New Deal as an enemy of business and growth, or accepting some of it and promising to make it more efficient. The realignment crystallized into the New Deal Coalition that dominated most American elections into the 1960s, while the opposition Conservative Coalition largely controlled Congress from 1938 to 1964 1. How did the Second New Deal represent a dramatic departure from the traditional functions of government? i. Before the 193's national political debate often revolved around the question of WHETHER the government should intervene in the economy to HOW it should intervene - Laissez-faire is dead - a doctrine opposing governmental interference in economic affairs beyond the minimum necessary for the maintenance of peace and property rights - the act presented a dramatic departure from the traditional functions of government A departure from the old roles of the government, which used to concentrate in economic planning and economic redistribution, and now focused on public spending by the government. Public spending by the government became the major tool to combat unemployment, stimulate economic growth, and ensure economic security 1. i.
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FINAL - Chapter 21 The New Deal 1932-1940 These questions...

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