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FinalStudyGuide - Pragmatics Chapter 7 Felicity pg 27172...

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  Pragmatics - Chapter 7   Felicity : ( pg 271-72, 285-86, 298-99, 305-6, 409) An utterance that is felicitous is one that is  situationally appropriate, one that is appropriate relative to the context in which it is uttered. An  utterance is infelicitous when it is inappropriate in some way.  Felicity Conditions - for a request to be  felicitous, it must be directed to a person (or animal or machine) that is capable of doing whatever  action was requested   Presupposition :  ( pg 292-96, 258, 307-8, 626-27, 642) an underlying assumption that must be  satisfied in order for an utterance to make sense or for it to be debatable.  o For a presupposition to be satisfied, the participants in the discourse must believe that  the presupposed information is true before the sentence containing the presupposition is  uttered o Whenever someone utters a sentence about a specific thing or person, then the speaker  presupposes that that thing or person exists in order to be able to say something about it  o Presupposition triggers are words or phrases whose use in a sentence often indicates the  presence of a presupposition   Entailment : ( pg 279) A relationship between two sentences such that if the first is true, the  second must be true  o For any two sentences X and Y, sentences X entails sentence Y if whenever X is true, Y  must be true as well. A relationship based on literal meaning  o Inference - a conclusion that a person is reasonably entitled to draw on a set of  circumstances  o Implicature - conclusions that are drawn about what people mean based on what we  know about how conversation works    Direct/Indirect Speech : ( pg 288, 304, 534-35) o Direct - perform their functions in a direct and literal meaning . It obvious to know what  the performance or request of the discourse is through literal meaning o Indirect - appeals to felicity conditions - can be performed in many cases being indicative  of politeness considerations or passive aggression - can be detected if there are violations for  the literal but no the intended meaning,    Illocutionary Force :  the speakers intention in producing  that utterance, an act is an instance of  culturally defined speech act type. Characterized by a particular illocutionary force.    Grice's Maxims o Maxim of Quality - Lies, Falsities 
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o Maxim of Relevance - central role in maintaining  the organization of conversation by  preventing random topic shifts.  o Maxim of Quantity - how much information it is appropriate for a speaker to give in a  discourse  o
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