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Test 2 - Test 2 on November 4 is worth 40 points We supply...

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Test 2 on November 4 is worth 40 points. We supply the paper. Closed notes. 24 multiple choice questions, worth 12 points 12 True/False, worth 6 points 10 "LIST", worth 10 points 4 longer-answer questions, 3 pts each, worth 12 points total Here are the longer answer questions, so you may prepare: Everyone answer: Compare and contrast the worldview structure of Westerners (Christian, Jew, Muslim) versus generalized American Indians. Western Worldview Postulates three domains: heaven, earth, and hell although this geography has gradually disappeared from many circles Fundamental dichotomy between ‘nature’ and ‘humans’ Nature includes inanimate forces (wind, rock, etc.), organic life (viruses, bacteria, plants), and animals Humans are seen as radically different: animate beings with reason, self-consciousness, and decision-making power Nature is used and manipulated by humans 1. Ultimate reality is viewed personalistically and mainly in male terms (ex: monotheism is superior) 2. World is hierarchically ordered (leads to haves over have-nots, men over women, strong over the weak, etc.) 3. Human history is one of progress, with a beginning and a history 4. Mind-set of dualism or polarity (human/divine, right/wrong, good/evil, salvation/damnation) North American Worldview Above World Place of order and harmony Middle World, This World Flat plane floating on sea Middle World is characterized as sacred geography by the directions of the four winds Thus, humans live at the center of a sacred geography
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Beneath World Place of chaos and death Answer one from #2, one from #3, and one from #4: 2a . Relate concrete ways in which the Western Apache (exemplified in the book by Keith Basso) viewpoints or traditional ways support the generalized worldview structure of American Indians as outlined in class presentation. 2b . Relate ways in which the learning styles of American Indians support the generalized worldview structure of American Indians as outlined in class presentation. Mode of learning is field-dependent: unable to perceive elements or self as separate from his/her environment That is, begin with the whole picture, and establish meaning only in relation to the whole Generally a person who learns this way is highly visual/spatial, integrative, relational, intuitive, and contextual Thinking is not linear or hierarchical This learner is concerned with life and all its relationships.
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