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Unformatted text preview: o Soul: Word humans use to cover up ignorance o Our senses give us all our information, that’s it o Consciousness, memory give identity Can’t comprehend consciousness after death o Mocks idea of Resurrection: Fetus problem Identity problem o Difference between Voltaire and Hume: As deist, Voltaire believes in God • Baron d’Holbach: o One of first public atheists o Materialist viewpoint on human identity: Humans are simply organic machines o Ignorance and fear lead to belief in God o Attacks religion as tool for political tyranny Supporter of science o How could immaterial soul interact w/ material body? We know nothing about the soul o Familiarity w/ body leads to contempt for body o Talk of souls is just wish fulfillment o Death is same as existence before birth (Lucretius) • Dissent form philosophers: o Door opened for questioning of Church during Reformation o Rise of capitalism, science...
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- Fall '10
- Philosophy, soul Proportional punishment, Familiarity w/ body