Reli. Notes 24

Reli. Notes 24 - Phenomena objects are only appearances...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Enlightenment Edward Gibbon: o Culmination of what it means to be an Enlightenment thinker o Studied Roman Empire o Sapere aude : Dare to know Looking back: o Theology: Medieval Scholastic, reformations Modern heaven (Swedenborg) o Philosophy: Enlightenment Voltaire Kant Methods of Enlightenment: o Empiricism: Sense-experience o Rationalism: Reason and knowledge over belief and emotion o Skepticism: Questioning of accepted opinion or establishment Thomas Reid: o Philosopher and theologian o Common sense school of philosophy
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o “Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man”: Identity: Continued, uninterrupted existence Personal identity: Leibniz’s monad/ the individual person Remembrance/ memory and similarity o Reid’s answer to Hume: “But who is the I?” An apple is not the perceived idea of an apple, it is just an apple Immanuel Kant: o Lived in Prussia o Quest for “First Principles” o Rational knowledge limited to domain of experience
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Phenomena, objects are only appearances, empirically real o Contrasted w/ “noumena” Things in themselves Transcendentally ideal o Critique of Mendelsson: Kant says soul has intensive quantity that can diminish like consciousness • Thus permanence of soul is not proven through this method o Critique of practical reason: Infinite progress Humans as rational but finite beings Hope for progress even beyond this life o Kant’s God: The Categorical Imperative: • Innate sense of duty and knowledge of right and wrong • Reid vs. Kant: o Reid: Common sense philosophy: • Innate truths in human mind give us more stable concept of philosophy o Kant: Tried to find compromise between rationalism and empiricism • Human moral sense based on: o Human moral freedom o Existence of God o Presence of immortal soul (only makes sense based on these 3 things)...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 3

Reli. Notes 24 - Phenomena objects are only appearances...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online