Reli. Notes 24

Reli. Notes 24 - Phenomena, objects are only appearances,...

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The Enlightenment Edward Gibbon: o Culmination of what it means to be an Enlightenment thinker o Studied Roman Empire o Sapere aude : Dare to know Looking back: o Theology: Medieval Scholastic, reformations Modern heaven (Swedenborg) o Philosophy: Enlightenment Voltaire Kant Methods of Enlightenment: o Empiricism: Sense-experience o Rationalism: Reason and knowledge over belief and emotion o Skepticism: Questioning of accepted opinion or establishment Thomas Reid: o Philosopher and theologian o Common sense school of philosophy
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o “Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man”: Identity: Continued, uninterrupted existence Personal identity: Leibniz’s monad/ the individual person Remembrance/ memory and similarity o Reid’s answer to Hume: “But who is the I?” An apple is not the perceived idea of an apple, it is just an apple Immanuel Kant: o Lived in Prussia o Quest for “First Principles” o Rational knowledge limited to domain of experience
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Unformatted text preview: Phenomena, objects are only appearances, empirically real o Contrasted w/ noumena Things in themselves Transcendentally ideal o Critique of Mendelsson: Kant says soul has intensive quantity that can diminish like consciousness Thus permanence of soul is not proven through this method o Critique of practical reason: Infinite progress Humans as rational but finite beings Hope for progress even beyond this life o Kants God: The Categorical Imperative: Innate sense of duty and knowledge of right and wrong Reid vs. Kant: o Reid: Common sense philosophy: Innate truths in human mind give us more stable concept of philosophy o Kant: Tried to find compromise between rationalism and empiricism Human moral sense based on: o Human moral freedom o Existence of God o Presence of immortal soul (only makes sense based on these 3 things)...
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Reli. Notes 24 - Phenomena, objects are only appearances,...

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