{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Ethical-Theory-Murphy-Sp07

Ethical-Theory-Murphy-Sp07 - MAP OF THE CLASS 1 Moral...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
MAP OF THE CLASS 1. Moral Psychology: what kind of motivations is it possible to have? a. ALL agree but Hobbes: it IS possible to be motivated by something other than seeking pleasure/pain… i. Hobbes: This skepticism doesn’t play main role in his arg 1. Hobbes Main Argument : picks up on strategic problem = bc not everyone can be guaranteed to be seeking good of everyone else, everyone trying to defend self even he didn’t think boiled down to brute seeking of pleasure o ALL agree on: people have all sorts of desires, some might be to do what is right Disagree on: in order to act need something like desires OR if its possible to be moved to act based on belief/reason alone Hume: only desires, feelings, aspects of our general motivational setup will move us to act Kant: NO, recognition of a truth can itself generate some kind of motivational state which will move us to act; don’t need a pre-existing desire to do the right thing in order to be motivated; can be motivated to do the right thing bc recognize its true it’s the right thing 2. Sources of Normativity a. Nagel: REASONS=so urces of normative demands Language we should use when talking about “ought ” is the language of reasons Won’t do to say for example that it’s morally required; that isn’t a final answer; the acceptable final answer is YOU HAVE REASON to do it …. Even if think this normativity is all about reasons we have to act, practical reason (and Hume was a skeptic of practical reason!), there is a whole disagreement of what kind of reasons there are Possible diff kinds of reasons (See January 18 for kinds of substantive normative demands) o 1. Only instrumental reasons (instrumental rationality) o 2. Prudential reasons (Demands of prudence) o 3. Moral reasons? (demands of morality) o 4. reasons of perfection (Wolf) Nagel: multiplicity of diff kinds of reasons; o some moral are deontological ; o some are agent neutral ; o some prudential reasons he characterizes as reasons of autonomy Susan Wolf: talks of reasons of perfection, which don’t fit easily into prudential or moral camp…. Others: don’t find this a helpful way of thinking about it , b/c unclear why we should do what we have reason to do o = Q of when do you reach rock bottom o understand someone might say yeah I have instrumental reason= idea of rationality; understand what it means to be irrational; but that’s just instrumental reason; when comes to morality, doesn’t help to be told “I have reason to do it”… Others: duty or moral rightness/wrongness is the end of the road= rock bottom o response to “why should I do my duty” is “b/c you have reason to do it” counterresponse= “why should I do what I have reason to do” in that broad sense?”
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Understand primitive normative oomph of instrumental reason and of duty, but don’t understand why I have reason to do what I have all things considered reason to do o rock bottom dilemma -
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern