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Unformatted text preview: Othering treating ppl as worse than others makes them feel like they’re worse than others dangerous for ppl that are “othered” Palincsar, S.A. "Social constructivist perspectives on teaching and learning" How women became “other” to men Men assigned the roles to females Palinczur Reading Details the development of the sociocultural perspective from shortcomings of other approaches Direct instruction teach/teacher-controlled not interactive w/students tabula rasa = blank slate we’re born with that we learn upon Behaviorist Perspective Cognitive Perspective Sociocultural Perspective-rejected view that center of knowledge in the indiv.-groupwork/collective memory enhances everything-explaining to others helps more Revolution-behavioral & cognitive perspective Mechanisms of learning from Sociocultural perspective-research on how children learn better child 2 child > adult-child ZPD: Zone of Proximal Development Culture plays a role in the learner Ontogenetic: indiv. Characteristics affect learning Microgenic: interaction b/w individual & environment Dynamic Assessment Learning Potential Assessment Device (LPAD): test train test Educational Reform Computer supported intentional learning environment (CSILE) Guided discovery in a community of learners Constructivism we make meaning by constructing lots of diff. Things & putting them together knowledge + skills = very beautiful structures Radical/post-modern Constructivism What we use to describe sociocultural theory Why don’t we use sociocultural theory in education? Socialization = pol. Control Cooperate/obey authority w/o questioning gov authority > teacher authority Pol. Teaching & socialization from whom? Educators should play a larger role but not be only School/sports/cheerleaders & patriotism As School spirit grows more spirit for country Schools as social control Families weren’t doing good job schools had to do it increased school hrs & summer school Moral influence of schools Everything taught moral opinions in kids Jefferson We’ll find the best students Meritocracy People rewarded on ability Discourses, myths Culture of Poverty Can’t stereotype what it is and who belongs there Can’t look at “those” poor people teachers think they can do less Schools correct it by targeting students for job training Xtra job training = further segregation in “head start programs”...
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This note was uploaded on 06/07/2011 for the course ALD 327 taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.
- Spring '11