ALD327MidtermExam - Griffin Warner ALD327 October 21, 2009...

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Griffin Warner ALD327 October 21, 2009 Midterm Sociocultural theory states that cognitive learning is based almost entirely on the society and culture surrounding an individual. It contrasts with other educational theories like behaviorism and the cognitive perspective, but demonstrates the impact society and culture has on all citizens in a classroom. It also affects “othered” people in terms of race, class, gender and sexuality. Education is a major part of life for all Americans because the government mandates that each child must attend school until a certain age. Society’s role in learning starts immediately in that situation and continues within the school environment. The government makes schools administer standardized tests for students to be allowed to move on to the next level of school, and the school districts also have rules that keep student-athletes from participating if they fail to meet the minimum grade point average standard.
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The government and school district rules restricting promotion and athlete’s ability to play follow the behaviorist perspective. Thorndike’s perspective suggests direct instruction from teachers to students in order to help them learn (Palincsar 347). It tolerates certain behaviors while teachers and administrators reward better behavior with gold stars or compliments. These extrinsic awards work for younger students, but problems arise when the rewards stop. Opponents say students lack motivation if there is nothing to win from their experiences in the classroom, and that this strategy only allows determined students to progress when the rewards are gone. The sociocultural theory disagrees because behaviorism ignores society and culture’s role in classrooms. Students often keep their hands on their desks instead of putting them in the air because society disapproves of know-it-alls and reward-based education doesn’t account for that. Minority students have the toughest time advancing in schools whether
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ALD327MidtermExam - Griffin Warner ALD327 October 21, 2009...

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