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Final Review study guide

Final Review study guide - Congress Two purposes 1...

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Congress Two purposes: 1. representation of interests 2. lawmaking Representation: Substantive Representation: concept in the legislative branches of representative republics describing the tendency of representatives to advocate for certain groups Descriptive Representation: representation describes how political power is alienated from most of the members of a group and vested, for a certain time period, in the hands of a small subset of the members Trustee: Members of a governing board Delegate: A person appointed or elected to represent others U.S. House Districts: Census Reapportionment Redistricting What is Gerrymandering ? Divide unfairly and to one's advantage; of voting districts What are Majority-Minority Districts? Size of House 435, Size of Senate 100, Term of House = 2 years, Senate 6 Years Where stuff happens: Floor, Committee, Sub committee Types of Committees : There are four major types of congressional committees: 1. Standing committees: The most common type of committee, standing committees deal with issues of permanent legislative concern. Standing committees also handle the vast majority of legislation. Most standing committees have subcommittees covering more specific areas of an issue. 2. Conference committees: A very common kind of joint committee with members from both the House and the Senate. For a bill to become law, both houses must approve identical versions. When different versions are passed, the leaders create a conference committee to reconcile the differences between the two bills. Conference committees issue a single bill for both houses to vote on. 3. Select committees: Select committees are created for a limited period and for a specific purpose. 4. Joint committees: Joint committees consist of members of both houses, usually created to deal with a specific issue. Who is Speaker of the House (Nancy Pelosi-D) Senate Majority Leader (Harry Reid-D) Committee and Subcommittee Actions: Hearings, Markup: Markup : The actual place where the writing of the bill takes place. Members of the committee are allowed to make amendments. Takes place in the Committee and Sub Committee.
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Bill Reporting: Once the mark up phase is done, they write the bill and exits the committee level to the congress floor. The send a committee report and testimony from the majority and minority representatives Floor Action: Debate, Amendment, Vote on passage What is the filibuster? Filibusters are the use of obstructionist tactics, prolonged speechmaking, to delay legislative action. A filibuster can be stopped by a vote of cloture, which requires sixty votes. Why does it make the Senate operate differently? The effects of obstructionism are far reaching, empowering obstructionist senators to pursue personal agendas and block the majority party’s proposals. Also the result is gridlock. Nothing is getting accomplished for the American people.
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