POLS Test 3 Review

POLS Test 3 Review - Congress * What is the Purpose of...

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Congress * What is the Purpose of Congress: * The purpose of congress is representation of interests and lawmaking. * Representation: * Substantive: a legislature that thinks like America. Re-create the range and depth of opinion among citizens instead the legislature. Major criticism: a legislature that has diverse viewpoints but lacks diversity could lack legitimacy with citizens. * Descriptive: a legislature should look like America. Focus on characteristics that divide us like race, gender, religion, age, sexual orientation. Major criticism: external characteristics do not always correspond individual beliefs. * Trustee: elect an intelligent and trustworthy person to speak for you. Problem with this; what if they reach a different conclusion that you would. * Delegate: elect a person who will vote exactly like you would. Problem with this; sometimes issues arise suddenly without time for an election. * U.S. House Districts * 435 Seats to this day. * Georgia is growing faster than US average. * Term for the House is 2 years. * Census: counting residents every 10 years. * Reapportionment: Reallocating House seats by population. * Smallest States receive 1 house seat; (Alaska, Wyoming, Montana, Delaware, Vermont, North Dakota, South Dakota.) * Largest state (California receives 53 House seats). * Redistricting: Redrawing districts lines within a state to reflect population changes. * What is Gerrymandering? * Drawing Lines to suppress the voting strength of a rival political party. * “Packing” your opponents into few districts. * What are Majority-Minority Districts? * A majority-minority district is a United States congressional district in which the majority of the constituents in the district are racial or ethnic minorities (white non-Hispanics). Whether a district is majority-minority is usually decided by United States Census data.
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* What is the Size of Senate * Currently 100 members. * Their terms is 6 years. * Types of Committees: * Standing: are permanent legislative panels established by the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate rules. Standing committees consider bills and issues and recommend measures for consideration by their respective chambers. They also have oversight responsibility to monitor agencies, programs, and activities within their jurisdictions, and in some cases in areas that cut across committee jurisdictions. Due to their permanent nature, these committees exist beyond the adjournment of each two year meeting of Congress. * Select: a congressional committee appointed to perform a special function that is beyond the authority or capacity of a standing committee. A select committee is usually created by a resolution that outlines its duties and powers and the procedures for appointing members. Select and special committees are often investigative in nature, rather than legislative, though some select and special committees have the authority to draft and report legislation. * Joint: a term in politics that is used to refer to a committee made up of members of both chambers of a
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POLS Test 3 Review - Congress * What is the Purpose of...

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